‘How happy are you who are poor: yours is the kingdom of God’

Sixth Sunday in Ordinary Time (Year C)

It is quite clear from the beatitudes that Jesus challenges the opinions of his own day, and indeed of ours – making clear that suffering and loss are an extraordinary channel of blessing. Fr Adrian Graffy reflects.

Luke 6:17, 20-26

17 Jesus came down with the Twelve and stopped at a piece of level ground where there was a large gathering of his disciples with a great crowd of people from all parts of Judaea and from Jerusalem and from the coastal region of Tyre and Sidon who had come to hear him and to be cured of their diseases.
20 Then fixing his eyes on his disciples he said: ‘How happy are you who are poor: yours is the kingdom of God. 21 Happy you who are hungry now: you shall be satisfied. Happy you who weep now: you shall laugh. 22 Happy are you when people hate you, drive you out, abuse you, denounce your name as criminal, on account of the Son of Man. 23 Rejoice when that day comes and dance for joy, for then your reward will be great in heaven. This was the way their ancestors treated the prophets.
24 But alas for you who are rich: you are having your consolation now. 25 Alas for you who have your fill now: you shall go hungry. Alas for you who laugh now: you shall mourn and weep. 26 Alas for you when the world speaks well of you! This was the way their ancestors treated the false prophets.’

Other readings: Jeremiah 17:5-8 Psalm 1 1 Corinthians 15:12, 16-20


Luke’s ‘Sermon on the Plain’ is much shorter than the more famous ‘Sermon on the Mount’ in Matthew’s gospel. Both these collections of Jesus’ teaching begin with beatitudes, introduced by ‘blessed’ or ‘happy’. In Luke there are four, and they are followed by four ‘woes’, speeches which begin in our translation with ‘alas’.

It is quite clear from the beatitudes that Jesus challenges the opinions of his own day, and indeed of ours. We encounter here the mystery which lies at the heart of the gospel and at the heart of life: that suffering and loss are an extraordinary channel of blessing. How difficult it is for Christians to fathom this truth! The loving self-sacrifice of Jesus on the cross is the best aid to reflecting on this mystery.

Jesus was sent to bring ‘good news to the poor’. He will show repeatedly in Luke’s gospel that lack of attachment to the good things of the world leaves a person free to discover the values of God. At the same time, to bring assistance to those in material poverty is a gospel imperative. When he speaks of the persecution of the prophets, and foresees the sufferings of Christians, Jesus points to his own fate.

In what sense is poverty a channel of blessing in my life?

How do I view the abuse people suffer for being Christian?

Let us pray for a profound detachment from material things.

Let us ask for courage and love in our dealings with those who deride us.

INT-IMG_5349 Fr Adrian Graffy (3)Rev Dr Adrian Graffy is a member of the Vatican Commission that takes a lead in Bible scholarship, interpretation and promotion in the Catholic Church.

Rev Dr Graffy said of his five-year appointment by Pope Francis in 2014: “It is an honour to be nominated by Pope Francis as a member of the Pontifical Biblical Commission. I feel humbled and very much look forward to being of service to His Holiness and the Church.”

He added: “A great deal has been achieved in England and Wales in recent years by many co-workers to advance Biblical scholarship and the provision of easy-to-use resources. I would like to take this opportunity to thank them and the Bishops’ Conference Department for Evangelisation and Catechesis for their efforts to promote understanding and love of the Bible, particularly through the publication of the teaching documents, The Gift of Scripture and the study guide to Verbum Domini, The Word of the Lord.”

Rev Dr Graffy received his doctorate in Sacred Scripture from the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome in 1983. He taught for over 20 years in St John’s Seminary in Wonersh, and is Chair of the National Scripture Working Group, which is an instrument of the Department for Evangelisation and Catechesis of the Bishops’ Conference of England and Wales. Fr Graffy is a past director of Brentwood’s Commission for Evangelisation and Formation and parish priest of Christ the Eternal High Priest in Gidea Park, Essex. Among his publications are the Gospel of Mark and the Letter to the Romans (Alive Publishing).

Listen to BBC Essex interview with Fr Adrian Graffy