‘You are the light of the world’

Fifth Sunday in Ordinary Time (Year A)

In this reading Jesus uses the images of salt and light to challenge his disciples – and us – to share the good news with others through lives that are transparently good. Fr Adrian Graffy reflects.

Matthew 5:13-16

13 Jesus said to his disciples: 'You are the salt of the earth. But if salt becomes tasteless, what can make it salty again? It is good for nothing, and can only be thrown out to be trampled underfoot by men.
14 'You are the light of the world. A city built on a hill-top cannot be hidden. 15 No one lights a lamp to put it under a tub; they put it on the lamp-stand where it shines for everyone in the house. 16 In the same way your light must shine in the sight of men, so that, seeing your good works, they may give the praise to your Father in heaven.'

Other readings: Isaiah 58:7-10 Psalm 111 (112) 1 Corinthians 2:1-5


We continue our reading of the great discourse of Jesus which we know as the Sermon on the Mount. Last week we read its famous opening verses, the Beatitudes. With statements such as ‘Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven’ Jesus challenges our attitudes and our actions.
This week, as Jesus continues addressing the disciples, he uses two simple images, salt and light. We are familiar with the phrase ‘salt of the earth’ when it is applied to people judged to be really good, even exceptional, but not everyone will know that these are originally the words of Jesus. On reflection we might consider it rather strange. Someone who ‘rubs salt in a wound’ adds insult to injury. Such is not Jesus’ meaning here. Rather we need to think of how salt enhances the taste of a meal.
Jesus is actually talking about salt which has lost its taste and which is good for nothing but to be thrown away. The challenge he is putting before the disciples is the risk of losing their zeal, losing their enthusiasm for his message, and thereby offering people something weak and insipid instead, something short of the good news. If we begin to present only the easy parts of the good news, we risk offering something which does not deliver the fulness of life.
The second image is that of light, a much easier image to understand. These words of Jesus have given rise to the popular phrase ‘Don’t hide your light under a bushel!’ People often speak of ‘following their dreams’, considering that the way to self-fulfilment is to achieve ‘what I want’ regardless of others. The life-giving challenge Jesus brings is that we should allow our light to shine, but that it is the light given us by Christ. The true greatness of the Christian is to offer to others Jesus and all the hope that he brings, by lives which are transparently good, full of salt and light.

Do we accept the fulness of the good news, or only the easy bits?

Do we allow our light to shine, or do we ‘hide it under a bushel’?

We ask for the courage to live the gospel to the full.

We pray for strength to witness to the truth of the gospel for those we meet.

INT-IMG_5349 Fr Adrian Graffy (3)Rev Dr Adrian Graffy is a member of the Vatican Commission that takes a lead in Bible scholarship, interpretation and promotion in the Catholic Church.

Rev Dr Graffy said of his five-year appointment by Pope Francis in 2014: “It is an honour to be nominated by Pope Francis as a member of the Pontifical Biblical Commission. I feel humbled and very much look forward to being of service to His Holiness and the Church.”

He added: “A great deal has been achieved in England and Wales in recent years by many co-workers to advance Biblical scholarship and the provision of easy-to-use resources. I would like to take this opportunity to thank them and the Bishops’ Conference Department for Evangelisation and Catechesis for their efforts to promote understanding and love of the Bible, particularly through the publication of the teaching documents, The Gift of Scripture and the study guide to Verbum Domini, The Word of the Lord.”

Rev Dr Graffy received his doctorate in Sacred Scripture from the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome in 1983. He taught for over 20 years in St John’s Seminary in Wonersh, and is Chair of the National Scripture Working Group, which is an instrument of the Department for Evangelisation and Catechesis of the Bishops’ Conference of England and Wales. Fr Graffy is a past director of Brentwood’s Commission for Evangelisation and Formation and parish priest of Christ the Eternal High Priest in Gidea Park, Essex. Among his publications are the Gospel of Mark and the Letter to the Romans (Alive Publishing).

Listen to BBC Essex interview with Fr Adrian Graffy